Roots of English language for NVS (VII)

By Sampson Iroabuchi Onwuka

In Babylon, a record of patterns of world languages were recorded and arranged in straits in what was tablets of stones and in Papyrus. In Babylon much of the known world came to be known in literature and much of the alphabet cities of the world became known. Some of the places were noted only by the ship that travelled to the ports and others named after the ships were made more popular by the seaports Babylon and of Syria. The laws of the society of the area including the Hamurabi code was noted around the area and it had been argued more than once that his laws of Hamurabi of the 18th century were largely developed for the sake of traffic management and for issues concerning property in ownership Babylonian society. Hamurabi may be known as one of the oldest lawmakers in the world, and his rule compared to one of those in the course of human history that made civil responsibilities useful.

But Hamurabi in terms of African history, by which he is to be measured, Hamurabi was one of many powerful civil servant who successfully – albeit briefly – won his independence from Egypt. Africa is a continent that has come a long way and the world now copy Egypt as co-heirs making it seem that outside that world was Europe in particular sense of the world. The laws that Hamurabi supposedly enacted were effective and great, but in terms of Egyptian history of even the late 18th Dynasty, he was far away. By time of Pharoah Mernakhare and his collections of prosody called the ‘Instructions of Mernakhare’ to his sons and for providence, Africa was already in decay from millennia of brilliance and old aged. From the particulars of Egyptian history which at its beginning is located somewhere in the deeper part of Africa, nearly Sudan, from where they move forward to the first cataract and the Badarian division, then the war of 3100 Bce or thereabout led to the rise of Upper Egypt closer to the reach of Africa.

Instructions of Mernakhare was not the only book written by Egyptians, there were other books such as the story of Sinuhe, about a man who was expelled from Egypt to deeper ends of the world and his return. The Book of the Dead contains mystery of the dying and resurrection of the Re. The instructions of Mernekhare is a collection of teachings on how to deal with diplomats of the world and how to be a great pharaoh, a literature of highest order composed around 2100 bce – a century or so before the Great flood. Menakhare himself was troubled by the headache of invaders, an issue that came up from time to time in his long stay as Pharaoh. This was only a brief moment in the history of Egypt, a moment of uncertainty in the boundary penetration of Egypt.

Like many historians have said, America, France, Britain, China, Rome, Greece – Macedon, Assyria and so on, may for instance speak of their decades, perhaps their golden era comprising a century of their greatness in the world, but Egypt and their Africans speak in millennia, millennia of sustained intellectual brilliance. The water bearer for Egypt include Syria, Jordan, Babylon, all of which amount in many ways to Mesopotamia may equally stake their case as commanders of history, but it is only on the understanding of they where and where they pitch their ancestral home. This home is none other than Egypt and Africa.

The long lasting nature of Egyptian intellectual technology was due to many factors, one of which is the isolated environment and the other their code for language which they invented and which they used in conducting the affairs of the world through ports like Ugarit, Syria, Babylon, Iona, Ashur, Crete, and so on. This code of language of what is known in edited version as Rosetta stone helped the efficient functionary of Egyptian mining districts such as Mari, Ebla, Mycene, Uruk, Sidon & Tyre, Cyprus, the Sinai peninsula and the other ‘alphabet cities’ around Sinai and Asia, where the obsidian disk of great Pharaohs were found, Pharaohs such as Chefren of 2500 bce. To places that guarded its gates, both against their fellow Africans of the eastern gate such Nubia and then Punt of the North for the beginnings of their great civilization. So the code of language from its earliest point was the idea behind the degree of management involved in the exercise, an exercise that was developed through ranks for priest and mainly used by priest.

Through the traffic of people along the Transjordan and the Syria coast, which were drop off Zone for a host of countries of the world, Babylon was able to converse with the known world with a language pattern that was a mere imitation of Rosetta stone of Egypt. In Babylon, much of the Egyptian formulae for communication were fully enhanced and from Babylon we begin to see the link between Africa and European society. Yet it seems strange that the connection in itself may yet fail to determine the Roots of English, since Babylon is mother tongue of Akkadian by way of Akkad and Sargon I of Ashur of 2300 Bce, whose conquest reached Northern Greek in the twilight of his career.

Akkadian is one of the three dialects of Greek, but Akkadian like other dialects of Greek is rooted in Berber of Africa. The Berber language has being demonstrated as the structure of Arabic, Arabic the mother bed of Spanish and Spanish no less Latin is a company to English, the language altogether disconnected from Greek. But in common linguistic study, it is said that Greek in of itself, is not at all related to English in terms of structure, that English language merely and only copied from Greek what it needed. Enough cannot be said about English language which in many ways did not do anymore than copy some words from Greeks, in observation of the so called ‘law of Parsippany’ and the ‘dialect continuum’ of Syriac – Greek – Byzantine. This argument is made true on the context of the fact that Sanskrit has roots in what became Greek language and as such some words in Sanskrit, may be found in English.

There is no doubt that Greek is to be understood as three dialects which eventually proved itself in one dialect called the Akkadian. There is no doubt that Greeks are the hot bed of modern European offshoots, that is by influence, a language that it is claimed to have empowered the evolution of Runes of West and North German of Europe. Runes or Runic language has no depth in terms of history but Runic is the madness of the linguistic common world. No doubt that Greek is the comparative language of the time of Christ, in the Hellenistic era after the years of Alexander and in the era of translation from language to another, a process referred as the Targum. While the gap between German as we later understood and German as it never existed during the rise of Macedonians. But this is all common history.

Common sense for common people would lead us to accept that certain claims of common historians of the so called Germanic languages and tribes may have yielded much of what we know as English. Some of these historians and their linguistics also say that English and Germanic languages may have emerged from uncertain origins of Greek and Italian. That it emerged from such roots to become a new language of its own. From such form to such disputable degree of what is essentially Germanic language, much of current language now serves as the repository for English of the Middle ages where dictionaries of old English return time and through time to such bad bank of Old English. It is from the inks of the languages, Jutes, Frisian, Saxon that English was supposed to have emerged.

The claim that the Vedic Sanskrit such as the Greek language and much like Gothic, Visigothic, Pre-Caroligian, Merovingian, and other Indo –European languages, may have sought out their linguistic pathways from a certain origin, and continued in that pathway until they became a language of their own, is like spreading so slime a tar on so broad an avenue of the world that we can only see the link from one end to the other and not the tar, the main, the source.

Links however to Greek society and language away from Egypt is a gap – thousands of years apart – for we know that even the mathematics of Assyrians of late Bronze age and the study of the stars called Astrology were only perfected in Babylon, and the learning was only ‘retention’ in Iona – Greece, and with it a language of translation. Therefore the Babylonian languages like Emersal, where not to be missed as a particular of the Greek languages, probably the Akkadian. At some point in the history of linguistic study, there is a place called Sumer which many people argued had a collection of six different dialects, one which was the Emersal/Emersol, spoken in parts of Babylon. The rest of the dialects others have argued, was a vivification of the independent origins of the language of the people of Babylon, that Sumer shows departures in the language from its older stunt and to periods of departure. But not until lately were they indication of the false assumptions of these Sumerian language. In fact many of the historians missed entirely.

Comparing European languages to Africa or even to Semitic languages (?) is like comparing the Thames to the English Channel, the English Channel to the Atlantic, and perhaps the Atlantic to the Water ways of the World. Need does not arise to prove that a language in Europe may easily find its Roots in Africa. Need however arises, when African language in its current form is measured in terms of Europe and in terms of Latin, for these European language is so junior to African languages that studies in current form may not be possible, linguistic studies may demote the languages of Africa as too ‘brutal’ for European throat, for the upper and lower column of their vocal cords.

African languages are in fact only languages in terms of Europe only by way of ethics and their more female side. For many linguistic, Greek has all they need to know, a fact buttressed by Sanskrit of Arian semi – demotic script, all of whom descent the so called Caucasus, which historians have said and demonstrated is nothing else as Cholchi of old, a people who willing celebrate their descent from Egypt and Africa. As such the Sanskrit which is spiritual hymn of the Vedic was supposed have origin elsewhere than Africa. I want to say that enough however exit today to re-assure that most Indian languages descended from Syria or parts of Syria, some of which are at home in the TransJordan. The Brahmi for instance and the Gupta were very early departures of the Indian language. But these two languages including Basra are related to Berber and to Neo Sinaitic inscription and to Aramaic in general. Sanskrit and the Java were however part of an earlier departure from quasi Greek. In fact Java is the same Jawan, close to Aswan, which are modern adoption of the word Iona. Aswan is perhaps a Hebrew mimesis of the same word Iona, a Greek tribe that was a particular of the dialects available.

If that is too much to swallow, imagine that Indian Sanskrit contain so many Igbo words in very vivid essence that you cannot fail to recognize a possible common origin of perhaps domestic Igbo words and high Sanskrit. Enough has been done to connect Sanskrit to Hebrew, and of some of which were done with some degree of success. But the relationship between Igbo and Sanskrit maybe accidental given the success of the fact that many languages of the word today came from perhaps the ranks of Syria, from around the area of Sinai which reach all the way to Africa.

For the sake of argument we compare three, six, seven, eight, of English numerals with Igbo and Sanskrit. At least for Indians, you should be able to find in Igbo, ato (three) ishi (six), asaa (seven), asato(eight), while Sanskrit has the following for tryas (three), sat (six), sapta (seven), and asta (eight). Jacob Grimms’ sound Shift will even compel a closer comparison of Hindu dwo, with words like duo, English dual, or Latin Febua (Febuari/Febuary), to Igbo abuo, ebua, for two. Isolate the F letter like our previous example has demonstrated and we can easily, very easily arrive at ebua, nothing less than two in Igbo; ebua, abua, abuo, a word that could not be any stranger to Latin and to indo European.

Even beyond English, the connection between the Sanskrit of the Vedic and Igbo of the Nigeria is even much closer. As revealing as the above facts would seem, I must say that there is at least a 100 of such conviviality of Igbo and of the Sanskrit. I hope also hope you did not miss six and seven in English as ishi and asaa in Igbo. Even the word ato and quarto, may be explicated in terms of the number of alphabets available in world history until lately.

Until the Moors from Africa introduced numbers and mathematics to Europe (and not the Hindu) numbers or arithmetic was also unknown to Europeans. The numbers 1-9, were the initial usage until sometime in the 14th century when the number 10 was introduced, also by an African Berber of what is Algeria. From 1 (one) so to speak in English to 9 (nine), English language could have only retained what it needed to and the changes in the Sanskrit was probably a very recent thing. Old English contain tehani as supposedly the last number in old English society and I think that tehani was possibly the nine, and most probably, nine simply emanated from nani, which without the t is probably a dialectal of English with leniency to Latin. As such the emendation to nine from nani, would mean that tehani was the sole purpose for that same word. That is to say that nani and tegheni were just the reference to the last number in old English.

This tehani is still now the last of the numbers in current English, but it is now ten – which is the latest of number invention. In Igbo, however, it does appear that the last of the numbers is or may have been 9, or at least may have been the number nine in prospective. This is just speculation and we can speculate on this since we know that Iteghete, no more different from the Igbo word teghete is for nine, a word that is no different from teghani or tehani of old Norman English, which is now altered as ten in current English. Unless we can demonstrate that teghete in Igbo which is nine per se does not exist anywhere in Old English or Old Latin or Old French, then we can only hope that we may have been right by probably existence of the original English numbers containing litre as 10. Iri is the word for ten in Igbo, no different from the English word litre, only on the account of the t letter and the teh, a case which we have made concerning the degree of relativity and separateness between English and Latin and between some European language and Nigerian Igbo.

In the course of previous articles, I eventually re-discovered that at some point in the course of many writings Verner (Verner’s law) made a comparative commentary of the presence of the fricative, t, in Germanic languages – anecdote for English – which he and his company demonstrated to have arisen out of voiceless environment of the wandering Germanic tribes. Much like muon, muo, old English for mouth current English. If you have so far followed my lecture on this, you will come to discover that something is wrong with the above English words for mouth, words like muon, muo, are no different from nuon, num(?), phonum which are closer to Latin in terms of spoken words and parts of speaking. Closer still is the above connection to these words, onu (mouth), onum(my mouth), na-onu (none, empty talk, mouthing?). The influence as I have argued is not only Germanic in terms of environment but also Greek, Syria Greek by way of Byzantine. Lire, it must be known is for the count of 10 in Latin, showing a structural affinity with Igbo.

The Latinate of language might stake its faith in Igbo on the condition which I have argued is Hebrew, perhaps related to Aramaic, perhaps Arabic is essence and most perhaps Berber in structure. But the bearers of that Berber language or whom we now tend to under of connection to old English and as Barbarian where not Greek outsiders pe se, but where the larger family of languages that might have given birth to Indo – European languages, Germanic for certain. The Berbers, ancient and modern are easily found in what is now Syria and are mainly located in Northern parts of Africa. Many of them today as partly Arabic, partly European, but largely the remaining few are largely ethnic African minority that are still suffering the sacrilege of invasion by the outsiders.

These people are also found around the Saharan belt, north and south. Syria, ancient and modern entertained civilizations from Europe and no singular country in the world has that much to offer the world beyond Syria, saving Egypt and their Africans. Babylon was probably on the same scale with Syria, perhaps Persia after. The relevance of Rome before the Greeks is not arguable, although some will entirely insist that Greece rank higher, but on the weight of Christianity, the Greeks are merely popular.

In it all, you are tempted to question a lot of things, as well translate them.

Part B

What is Christianity without the Jews and their Samarian Arabs? And who are these Jews and Arabs if not tribes of Africa? What is really Greek that is Greek without Africa? What is Babylon without Syria and Egypt? And what is Syria if not part of Africa? The question that will likely be asked is what may be called languages of the world given the newer facilities of the comparison between European languages and to African Atlantic languages and African Igbos? Is it really possible to call Germanic languages of English, French, Spanish, and so on, languages at all in the world. Are these languages not merely dialect continuum of African languages, a combination of Ancient and Medieval Latin by way of Berber and the Roman church, a pun on the Greek myriad overlay on the native German…if at all there is such a thing. There is possible non such. This is also a case with Hebrew and the Greek at the highest point in the fifth century.

Even at that, Greek society only reached its highest point in the 5th century where the likes of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle all graced the intellectual stage. It is only natural that the Greeks would have all of a sudden appeared, for it is clear to many historians that the East side of the Greece which Iona, were no surprisingly the major bearers of the intellectual culture given their opulence to migration. The immigrant population of Iona was mainly outsiders of very Greek, and could only have added their influence to the nearly democratic Greek states. Many of these immigrants were Egyptians and their African tribes, and many of whom were persecuted during the years of Cyrus, to the years of his son Cambyses as king of Babylon and Assyria, through the years of Darius I who eventually unified Babylon and Assyrian into Persia, all three leaders of Persian Empire of the fifth century. It has been said that Egyptian priests and scholars moved from Egypt (Africa) into many parts of their neighboring states like Syria and from such places they began to migrate into deeper reaches of Europe, to places such as Greece. Iona was essential part of that entrance and Iona retained in Greece these artists from Egypt and Near East, Iona allowed these priest, wise men, and women of Egypt who sort to free themselves from the control of Persians to nurture their ability. These priests sort to free themselves from the total domination of their land, and Persian authorities cited that their services were no longer required. They refused the authority Greece offered the brief protection.

No doubt that in that 5th century, these men without serious background in Greece, Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, or their parents described as Greeks and it no coincidence that these men, all of a sudden showed from no way to change the thinking were part of that migration from Egypt and the near east into Greece. Before these people and their arrival, there were no Socrates by name, no Plato by name and not meaning with the name Aristotle. Many Greek and indeed the world began to adopt these names after the greats have left. Greek without priors reached intellectual pinnacle because of these immigrant, or so it seem for we know that Egypt and Africa was the Intellectual arcana of the world from very ancient times till the eve of the Arab invasion in 7th century AD. This was the case largely because of the written language which was made possible through alphabets and letters, an Egyptian prototype for writing and recording after their god of writing, Thoth.

Still at that, the intellectual pinnacle attained by Greeks in the 5th century was essentially nothing compared to what was obtainable in Babylon, compared to what was common wisdom in Africa and what was essentially wisdom obtainable as the sand of the sea like those of the Egyptian. It was Babylon that held that key to ancient wisdom and if Plato and company were Babylonians in lineage or from Near East Africa, their loyalty was essentially Egypt, a place that they returned from time and through the time, of their living years in Greece.

No doubt their loyalty to Darius I and II and the rest of them were not readily counted on and as such they had to make their living elsewhere. And it was only natural that the Academe that they initiated was a formal result of these unemployed immigrants, who conducted self-initiate project of reading, writing and professional life for their rich patron in Greece. But many of them opposed just about anything that mitigate against their line of profession. It is even said that Cambyses death by a poisoned arrow shot to his laps was arranged by the Priesthood of Egypt. From that 5th century Greek, the language of the Greeks began to change from one form to the more standard Greek. It was not the Greeks who inherited the direct thrust of civilization. It was the Babylonians who impacted on Assyrian such schools of learning beginning from the days of Tukulti -Ninurta II who thoroughly defeated Babylon and converted their learning to Assyria.

But Babylon completely owes its origin and its rich enhances of literature to Egypt. And they did for many centuries learn from them. Even the Greeks, who are the madness of our generation, cite Africa as home and in many case they cite Egypt. As such, cases involving Estrucans as rudimentary Egyptians, and places of history like Jordan which feature so much of the Bible is not that farfetched from Pre- dynastic Egypt and relatives of Africans. Phoenicians before them did not deny their leniency to Egypt and even more so the Babylonians who connect the ancient to the modern.

Babylonians rafted their wood from the sea called Adonis through to Syria into Egypt where the earliest civilizations are known. The first plays known to man were written in Africa, for instance the plays, ‘Coronation Drama’ and ‘Memphite Drama’ were all and mainly about the resurrection of Osiris. All the parts of the play were all about Africa at twilight of Pre-monarchic Egypt when the Pharaoh was still buried at Saqqara at around 3100 Bce. As such the plays about the Osiris and company were perhaps written a century or so after the death of Osiris by the hands of his brother, Seth. Manetho and Plutarch are usual sources of this legend, but there are other fragments of such liturgy about the rise of the great one Osiris from a seeming death. Osiris was cast into the casket and ran abroad through the River called Adonis, a river which got its name from Osiris. Adonis it must be said is mythologized in various forms throughout the world, but Plutarch’s Dionysus as Osiris Myth was supposedly the god of the Netherworld – that is the god of the grave and unknown world across the seas.

And when a person passes on in life, they put him or her on a boat and arrange a bouquet of flowers on the casket and the dry Raffia is placed to bear the burning fire. The boat sails into the Unknown world to be judged so to speak by Osiris, who was also called Adonii or Adonija by Egyptian. The world Nija or Niger, may have caught your attention, and may ease your speculative tickle given the definition Black lord, for we know that Adonija means Black Lord of the Nile but which also means lord of the unknown word, the Nether ‘dark and unknown’. In my view, Nether is possibly a mimesis of Niger/nija. Egyptian word nii is for Nile and the Egyptian word ado, means lord. That name Adonija is different from ‘Lord of the Nile’ which to Adoni/Adonay, a word discovered among the Hebrews to mean ‘lord’, which the Greek called Adonis, which are the two names of the Osiris.

Whatever maybe the interpretation of these appellations of Osiris and other lords of Egypt, it is not wrong to suggest that these were intended as a memorial to the times of Osiris and his death. The soul of dearly beloved in Egypt is often set into the sea and the buried are crouched in such a way that face the West in their dying scythe of eternity unknown. Even at that the Raffia in much older times is mainly expected to burn the remains. But the issue concerning burning to Ashes, a supposedly Greek practice has roots in Egypt. But the act of burning the body was not the only the way of burial even among the Greeks. Such act is however necessary since the rising of the Phoenix Bird is to prove itself as a soul in the trap of human body. So “when from Ashes…’’ must raise the soul, we absolve the Christians of this language on the crass of a legendary re – awakening of the Sun Bird after a seeming brief re-lapse into death, covered by the sands of time. This imitations of living dead, of this Bird that is thrown into the Fire to be burn and so to speak tried, only in the end shall the real bird arise from the Ashes. All part of the Osirian myth, all part of the Coronation Drama, all drama.

Adonis was one of the Phoenician Patrons and so was his Istar, the supposed wife of Osiris, guild for the workers of Babylon, of Narmer and rebel party of Menes in the last monarchic years of Egypt in around 3100 Bce. Istar was supposed to have used her magical ability to discover (or recover) the body of Osiris clutched in its carcass and coffin, perhaps in perpetual coma on seeming death. All in all, the trick and nailing alive of Osiris was the art of the wicked designs of his brother Seth in years of their father Geb >Geblin, the last monarch of Egypt before the Dynastic era. Perhaps an earlier case of the movie Amadeus and its corollary influence. How the river Adonis helped to raft the wood from Babylon into Syria and through Syria into Egypt display the ingenuity of these Egyptians, an ingenuity that lives further than Africa. But this stop of zone and traffic areas were part of Syria and Jordan, and much of Canaan including Jericho was very fertile largely because of dregs from buffeting sea. Egypt also benefitted from these dregs of annual rise and over flowing of the rivers and in particular, the Nile.

Phoenicians and Babylonians imitate the Egyptian rituals for after life. They both believe in soul’s departure and so on, and the phoenix is the very departing soul in escapade. The Egyptian and funerary Architecture is all clearly Egyptian, so is their style in dressing. Phoenicians, done as masters of red valets, only had head priest called the ensi loyal mainly to the pharaoh of Egypt, a title that is only head and not king. Then ensi is not a god, and among the peoples of Middle East such as Mari and Ebla, is the presence of the head, the ensi, the esse, these Egyptian outpost in Sinai had linguistic function that enabled business to business to function. In all certainty, Ebla which means ‘White Rock’ and Mari referring to Rock were probably tribes of Egyptian workers, like the Fenkus of Babylon called ‘Wood Cutters’ like the Phoenician who are Sea and Globe trotters of Egypt. One of the patrons of these sea travelers and discoverers was Thoth, the god of writing, and his female partner was Seshat; a goddess of poetry.

The initial list of words that was found among them was only a form of communication device between them and whoever was wherewithal. But most of the cities once attributed to Greek or Greek gods like Ephesus, Corinth, and so on were probably founded Phoenicians. These places carried the connotation of fornication and merry making, very much like the Phoenicians who very really married. There are no serious records of marriage among the Egyptians either, nor do we have a common repository of marital status in Babylon. In fact the word fornication is a mere pun from Phoenicians, and to call an affair Corinthian is to spook a society where fornication without boundary was lifestyle. Sodom and Gomorra has not being linked to Phoenicians and Babylonian but they were Canaanites, perhaps an extreme case of such labor happy and drink till you drop lifestyle…’for the gods will care of themselves’.

Sodom and Gomorra bring in the face of a man who help our understanding of Hebrew history and by name Abraham. Abraham once said that a ‘wandering Aramean was my father’ in Genesis. The reason for the statement could not have that clear in terms of world history saving from the facts of the placed called Haran, which was eventually noted as Ur Chaldean by perhaps a later Redactor, as many Biblical archeologists do claim. But the Chaldean language has been demonstrated by many linguistic to be much the same with Afro Asiatic languages as they say. And we make due reference to Haran since it carries the strong motif of Abraham being original from Jordan area, perhaps at the outskates of Syria leading to Syria, through to perhaps Mari and Ebla which were mining and rock cutting district of rich patrons like the Pharaohs building their pyramids. Or perhaps the other way round as intend to argue. As such, Abraham’s wondering Aramean father, may have originated from around Jordan, and moved towards Syria from where they were displaced by the floods of 2000 – 1900 Bce.

But what we are honking on is the degree through which much of world history has been misunderstood and misinterpreted, especially when we now know that the genealogy of nations found in Genesis 10, relates a story of the world of a certain Shem as the father of Aram and the issue of Eber as the ancestor of Hebrew. But Abraham of the date 1800c before Christ called his father a wandering Aramean, no doubt his father was perhaps a scion of this house of Aram who pitched their tent in Haran. Taken together, these facts would suggest that the movement of these Aramean began somewhere around Ebla and around Mari in Syria, places I have demonstrated where not outside the influence of Egypt coming through Babylon. We take it that the ‘wandering’ Arameans who are not different in lineage from Phoenicians, or too different from the Arabs and Elam which means East of Babylon, are probably part of the Egyptian laborers or tribes gathered around the area of Mari working for rich patrons, which the Mari text of the ANET speak in drive by.

Egyptian chroniclers retain much of the work of literature in this Aramaic down to the fifth century of Cyrus the Great, Cambyses, and of Darius who gradually replaced old Egyptian language with what they call the Demotic script. Aramaic as a language has not been demonstrated as a language descended from Aram of the Abraham. But the point is that their home was between Egypt and Jordan and perhaps Syria. In fact, Syria was the hotbed of this Aramaic which was also spoken largely in the days of Christ. Christ himself spoke Aramaic and part of his spoken language may include parts of Hebrew. It is in our study of the degree of difference of the language, especially in terms of the Nabateans of later years who are considered Arabs (?) by modern scholars that we understand the degree of relatedness of Arabic and to Hebrew.

But Aramaic was perhaps the very language upon which several portions of the Bible were written. But Aramaic was a Jordan linguistic canvass. The root of the problem with Nabatean is that they were grouped as Arabic, not unlike African tribes such as Berber, the Dadene, the Qadene, the Midianites of Moses’ wife and the Sabeans of queen Sheba, who were just African tribes between Egypt and much of the Jordan. These tribes among others are called Desert dwellers, Bedouin, and among the initial 13 families of these Bedouins of Aram was the house of Abraham. But this area is 1800 years before Christ and these where wandering people on what is Arabian Desert, the former Eastern Desert. We shall encounter this Aramaic in future and its role in determining the forces that shaped East and the West and why Latin is of several versions and one. Their story begins somewhere around Canaan and around two thousand years before Christ in time of the great flood.

But after the Great Flood as according to Manetho, much of Ebla and Mari which are very close to the open waters of Mesopotamia went under the flood, a condition of history still misinterpreted as conquest by Giovanni. The rest of the laborers from these areas were displaced. Some perhaps freed themselves from the wretches of the Pharaohs or any labors to rich patron and others just heading home destined mainly to become wanderers in what is now Arabian history. But this is highly speculative and subject to larger treatment but what we can salvage from this is the fact that Aram was the son of Shem, and Shem according to the Bible – which a great repository of history and language translations over the years – was the son of Noah, Noah was the salvaged of the Great Flood. The history of the nations as described in the Bible Genesis 10 may be in respect to this flood that took place somewhere towards the end of 2010 BCE or thereabout?

As such Noah, in world history, may have existed about 2010 BCE and perhaps half a century later. But at this time of world history, the world has already aged and much of the African society may have seen great divisions among its languages including the ones that headed through parts of Nubia into the deeper reaches of Africa, a part referred to Hamito – Semitic. Other Semitic language will yield ever so grudgingly to the Northern parts of Middle East and assume a different meaning. In essence, the rest of the story we can ferret from the Bible in terms of Babylon and the destruction of the towers, are stories that existed before the Great Flood of 2000-2010 BCE. It goes to also indicate that Ham as the descendent of those of who speak the language in Africa is later day event, so is Shem, so Japhet and the seven sons of Noah. These sons who now occupy the ranks of our language today are from a time when the structure that held it together began to fall apart. Kings such as Shamshadad I, Zimrilin, and Hamurabi would all grace the world stage. These would be the contemporary of Abraham, perhaps the rise of Shamshadad I would be the tail end of the age of Abraham and the age of the ‘wandering Arameans’.

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One Response to “Roots of English language for NVS (VII)”

  1. Victor K'Anayochukwu Ozorka Says:

    I want to point something out to you Mr Onwuka or can I call you Iroabuchi,and this is on this write up above which you made on the origin of the English numbers and their correlation with the Igbo numbering system, and said that it is of a possible Igbo origin. You said that the number ‘Nine’ was ‘Iteghete’, and you are indeed very correct and right, but I want you to also know that it is also called ‘Itenani’ in some Igbo dilalects. And so Nine equals Itenani, which you said also equals Itehani, et al! Good luck to you and may you live long so that together all of us who are in the know would one day liberate the Igbo race and show the whole world that trully we were the first and original Hebrews or Jews of this world! I am currently writing a book that would in no small measure also see to that.

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